Consequence of internal oxidation/nitridation

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Formation of surface metallic protrusions as a consequence of internal precipitation of TiN in Ni-10Cr-2Ti during exposure to nitriding atmosphere for 150h at 1100°C.

(PhD S.Y.Chang, contact: prof.U. Krupp, contact:

Consequences of thermal cycling > 1. Enhanced consumption of the alloying element responsible for the protective oxide layer formation.

Isothermal oxidation:

Formation of an adherent Al2O3 scale: after 100h isothermal exposure at 1100°C in air.

Sharp tip of wedge-type specimens of CMSX-4

Cyclic oxidation:

Formation of a non-protective NiO oxide at the tip and internal attack after 100h exposure under thermal-cycling conditions at 1100°C in air.

(PhD R.Orosz, contact: prof. U. Krupp, contact: